After World War II, the victorious Allied
Powers restructured the map of the world by
reconfiguring remnants of the defeated
Ottoman Empire into independent
nation-states. In the Levant, the British
and French oversaw the development of
Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine,
in Mesopotamia, the vilayets
(regions) of Basra, Baghdad and Mosul were
pieced together to create Iraq.
ethnically diverse nation of Iraq was held
together first under the authority of the
British puppet regimes and then by the
iron-fist rule of Saddam Hussein and his Baathist henchmen.
Almost a century later, Iraq was invaded
again by the United States and the despotic
leader, Saddam Hussein, the erstwhile glue
that held Iraq together, was toppled. As a
result, the country fragmented roughly along
pre-WWI ethnic lines sparking a violent
contest to fill the political void.
presentation, Amanda Roraback reviews the
causes and consequences of Iraq's civil war
and offers five possible state-building